The first prostate cancer medicines include hormonal therapy. The goal of this therapy is testosterone suppression to control prostate cancer growth. This type of therapy plays a critical role in managing the disease.
The therapy controls the prostate cancer by decreasing the naturally occurring androgens in the body, the result is the shrinkage of tumors. This therapy also decreases the symptoms of the problem.
This therapy is presented to control localized prostate cancer tumors and also has effect on the tumors that have spread to other parts of the body.
Androgens are male sex hormones that are responsible for basic male characteristics such as the growth of facial hair, the deep voice and muscle bulk. Testosterone is the most powerful of the androgens available in the male body.
Early detection can prevent the spread of prostate cancer. This type of cancer is curable. The various treatment methods are decided with the consultation of an urologist, and an oncologist to determine the best treatment course.
Men with localized prostate cancer have the best chance for effective treatment with hormone therapy. The first step in deciding the best prostate cancer medicines is with a through combination of specialist and clinical specialist.
A second form of hormone therapy focuses of complete blockage of the androgen with what are called anti-androgen drugs. These medications include:
*Flutamide interfere with the production of the male hormone testosterone. This is produced by the testes and adrenal glands. Flutamide has a structure similar to testosterone.
It attached itself to the receptors on the surface of the prostate cancer cells to block and prevent the attachment of testosterone. Without testosterone, the cancer cells either grow more slowly or stop growing altogether.
*Bicalutamide also known as Casodex is also similar in structure to the male sex hormone testosterone. Casodex blocks testosterone from to the receptors on the surface of the prostate cancer cells. Using Casodex the cancer shrinks in size.
*Nilutamide is also an antiandrogens. Nilutamide slows the growth of cancer cells in the body. It works by blocking the effects of excess testosterone, a substance produced by the body, that promotes the growth of cancer cells.
*Finasteride or commercially known as Propecia belongs to the group of medicines called enzyme inhibitors that blocks the conversion of testosterone to a more potent androgen, dihydrosterstosterone (DHT). This inhibitor deprives the cancer cells of an element needed for growth.
Finasteride used to stimulate hair growth in men who suffer from male pattern baldness. This same medication is also used by some balding men to stimulate hair growth.
Some herbal medications are consistently promoted by natualist that claim to help with the side effects of some prostate medicines. These herbal therapies
include Saw Palmetto, that is taken from the fruit of an American dwarf palm tree. This therapy is widely used in Europe. Another herbal product that is used is from the bark of an African Plum Tree.
However, any change in medication or additives should be done with the advice ofa Doctor. Each man must make an informed decision concerning the types of medicines that he wants to take for his specific level
of prostate cancer. The treatment decision should be made with complete information on medicines available in conjunction with physicians and specialist.
The final decision will depend on the outcome of both clinical factors and psychological indicators. An informed decision with proper consultation is the first step in deciding on the best prostate cancer medicines.
DID YOU KNOW?
Prostate cancer cells need certain hormones, called androgens, to grow. In hormone therapy, the cancerous cells are prevented from getting these hormones. The male hormone, testosterone, is produced at two main locations: the testicles and the adrenal gland. The testicles produce most of the body’s testosterone while the adrenal gland produces a small amount.